• <button id="bmg49"><acronym id="bmg49"></acronym></button>
    <dd id="bmg49"><big id="bmg49"><video id="bmg49"></video></big></dd>
    <dd id="bmg49"><big id="bmg49"></big></dd>
    <th id="bmg49"><pre id="bmg49"></pre></th>
    
    
  • <progress id="bmg49"></progress>
  • <progress id="bmg49"><track id="bmg49"><video id="bmg49"></video></track></progress>


  • 为什么那么多学生讨厌数学?那是因为读小学时用了错误的方法!

    为什么那么多学生讨厌数学?那是因为读小学时用了错误的方法!


    来源:学习力教育中心  文章作者:佚名

     

      相当多的学生从小学开始就讨厌数学,进入中学后,更是看到数学就头痛。下面就来看看一位学霸的分析,会让家长朋友真正认识到自己的孩子为什么为讨厌数学。

      在加州大学伯克利读书时,我学的是统计学,后来在硅谷做过数学老师,从简单计算到代数到几何,一直到微积分,都曾涉猎过。所以,很多父母特别是华人父母经常和我交流孩子的数学教育问题。

      总体来说,家长们有三大焦虑:

      

      孩子算数很慢,会不会限制孩子的数学发展?

      如何引导孩子对数学产生兴趣?

      如何提高数学能力?

      今天,我就把我的实践经验以及所思所想,分享给各位。

      ▋全球最牛的统计系里,学生随身携带计算器

      “孩子算数很慢,会不会限制孩子的数学发展?如何提高呢?”这是我被问得最多的问题。不少朋友可能被某些原因错误引导,认为数学能力就是快速计算且计算正确的能力、快速解答应用题的能力,以及快速解决数学谜题的能力,其实这跟真正的数学之间还有不小的差距。

      下面这个场景大家应该不陌生——每个人一张口算纸,六十道题,比比谁计算得更快。算完的同学要举手示意,他将获得老师的表扬——这是我小时候最害怕的数学课环节。每次我的同桌举手,我都会心急如焚,然后抱怨自己为什么算得这么慢,接下来就是脑子里一团乱麻,有种想放弃的冲动,胡乱地填几个答案,也不管它正确与否。据说这个场景,现在很多孩子还在面对。

      后来上了大学,每次AA制吃饭结账的时候,朋友都会让我来计算每人应该花多少钱。大家认为我是学数学的,应该非常擅长心算才对,但这个时候,我都会主动投降,因为我确实不擅长心算。我会掏出计算器,直接按一按。

      原本我以为,只有我在计算方面比较异类。但是我读大学的时候,发现周围的很多学霸,也都不太擅长心算。不管是什么时候,大家都会掏出计算器。工作的时候,周围也几乎没有人心算,都是借助电脑或计算器来计算。

      听起来我像是在找借口,其实,很多极为优秀的数学家、科学家也不擅长计算,并且这个人数不在少数。举一个我最近看到的例子;崾Ъ仪鸪赏┙淌谧隹脱胧拥难萁步谀俊犊怖病,被现场一名学生一个关于计算的问题给问倒了,丘教授就直言不讳说,他确实不擅长计算。在数学界,有些定理要经过几百年漫长光阴才能被证明出来,期间有无数数学家终其一生都在研究某一个定理,少数人到最后如愿以偿地解开了谜团,扬名立万,并不是因为他们能快速找到答案,而是因为他们有绝不放弃的执着。

      ▋数学又不是换轮胎,要那么快干嘛

      是,孩子的心算能力是非常重要,但通过训练提高孩子计算速度,并不意味着孩子的数学就非常好,这就好比一个修车厂的工人,他换轮胎的速度,不知道比我们快多少倍,但他会因此骄傲吗?

      追求计算速度,只要接触的题型多,懂得分门别类,套用既定的方法,就可以快速找到答案,但这是电脑最擅长的事情。所以,拥有快速计算这一能力的人,在进入社会之后,他并不会像学生时期那样,受到那么多的肯定。原因很简单——人类所具备的能力,是那些对未知问题提出思考解答,即使无法找到答案,也能想出各种解决方法的能力。这才是一种真正的数学能力。

      那么,数学能力到底是什么呢?在拉丁文中,“数学”代表“思考”,学习数学的核心目的,是培养一个人的思考能力。我们经常听到说“数学是一个工具”,很多人误把这句话理解为“数学是一个计算的工具”,其实,数学远远不止这么小,她不但是科学之母,还是一切学科的基础,存在于生活的各个领域。

      所以,只要你的孩子有好奇心,喜欢不断去思考,即使算数速度比较慢,也不会限制孩子数学能力的发展。但是根据我的观察,以及我和父母的交流,我会发现,现在的父母和老师可能会一味追求孩子的计算速度,这导致孩子越来越不习惯去思考,这是一件非常严重的事情。比起快速给出答案,深思熟虑更加值得我们鼓励与肯定。

      总结一下,能够快速计算、能够按照某种题型解答应用题和擅长解答数学谜题,这些都是“算术能力”,并非“数学能力”——这里要明确区分一下概念——数学和算术,其实是两种貌同实异的学问。直接一点来说就是,算术是一门磨练你如何正确并且快速解答已知问题的科目,而数学则是一门培养你解决未知问题能力的科目。

    |<< << < 1 2 > >> >>|


    ·上一篇文章:教育看亩产效应还是终身学习力?一位特级教师考察美国课堂后的反思
    ·下一篇文章:教育部所要求的“研学旅行课程化”,到底难在哪?


    转载请注明转载网址:
    http://www.cnejia.com/news/sikao/161211216471277.htm




  • <button id="bmg49"><acronym id="bmg49"></acronym></button>
    <dd id="bmg49"><big id="bmg49"><video id="bmg49"></video></big></dd>
    <dd id="bmg49"><big id="bmg49"></big></dd>
    <th id="bmg49"><pre id="bmg49"></pre></th>
    
    
  • <progress id="bmg49"></progress>
  • <progress id="bmg49"><track id="bmg49"><video id="bmg49"></video></track></progress>

  • 上海快3上海快3网址 28824o.com | yh233888.com | 22299.com | 5443r.com | 00003365.com | www.hg8855.com | www.44508.com | www.bet91488.com | www.81678j.com | www.68689w.com | www.855790.com | www.026350.com | 95766.com | ll5443.com | 28839d.com | vnsr99888.com | www.582666.com | www.16181g.com | www.hd8677.com | www.9478i.com | www.535350.com | 5446tt.com | 3844ee.com | 496677.com | www.22334100.com | www.4809l.com | www.zfcp1.com | www.33598o.com | dgd0000.com | 22117s.com | www.223aa.net | www.26123cc.com | www.99080044.com | www.youxin9.cc | 11018x.com | 2127p.com | www.xpj5003.com | www.7225x.com | www.7793c.com | 7605z.com | 3678bbb.com | 89892oo.com | www.9053.com | www.83033s.com | 2306f.com | 3640.com | www.4625q.com | www.11.sb | www.3126r.com | www.263289.com | hr1811.com | 074r3.com | www.091646.com | www.953572.com | www.595707.com | 1104027.com | ylzz7.cc | www.78680u.com | www.784782.com | 918dp.com | 2649tt.com | www.863630.com | 23300f.com | www.23426b.com | www.98698s.com | www.26163l.com | bet28.com | www.86611y.com | www.818999.com | www.22603.cc | 86611r.com | www.333133b.com | www.js69111.com | www.791637.com | 3656oo.com | www.365815a.com | www.6509.com | h2306.com | a2894.com | www.38345x.com | www.608389.com | f86811.com | www.z7793.com | www.022xz.cc | js2.cc | www.55268ll.com | www.18690a.com | 444vn77.com | feicai0756.com | www.hao500.com | www.810726.com | 3559y.com | www.33166.com | www.91233q.com | 7744ttt.com | 7335c.com | www.90935.com | 22dd8332.com | www.4972ee.com | www.50064s.com | 9121901.com | www.0885k.com | www.22czt.com | mg437711.com | www.938968.com | www.809216.com | hg0088.ro | www.799666s.com | www.267051.com | bogou900.vip | www.33997t.com | 78886508.com | www.4078s.com | 97799j.com | 99306u.com | www.534331.com | 88948666.com | www.13555a.com | www.594877.com | 7779m.cc | www.9818r.cc | 2418a.com | www.6880xx.com | 88904141.com | www.7025k.com | www.965960.com | 5856cc.com | www.d32939.com | p6662019.com | www.122822.com | www.601497.com | 5437z.com | www.sx139974.com | 350833.com | www.80188f.com | 3522n.vip | www.3775778.com | www.455518.com | 88770.com | www.6000hd.com | 3467k.com | www.gg55826.com | 7196.com | www.000243.com | www.849770.com | www.033033f.com | www.5441v.com | tyc71.com | www.sdsy.com | 4395599.com | www.49956c.com | 26668r.com | www.78919a.com | 2767dcom | www.35700b.com | 80878e.com | www.c558.cc | 0363.com | www.377666f.com | 4060xx.com | www.c44ii.com | 454691.com | www.411036.com | www.178125.com | www.63877p.com | www.6tdc.com | www.h7788t.com | www.351957.com | www.779955.com | www.5854f.cc | www.hg755.com | www.9149c.com | 2767b.com | www.ac9922.com | 4136n.com | www.652592.com | www.38200r.com | www.579031.com | www.32126n.net | www.504733.com | www.am1111.cc | www.466060.com | www.pj6767.com | sxmlr.net | www.cfcp555.com | 1389w.com | www.88325y.com | 7720s.net | www.11599009.com | 243d2.com | www.559748.com | www.xpj6138.com | 131f.net | www.06820m.com | 5295.com | www.50064l.com | www.js96333.com | www.902261.com | www.y5777.com | hg4668.com | www.8967r.com | 82365d.com | www.0601n.com | 56787uu.com | www.1035c.com | www.zsdl9.com | js345d.com | www.365066.bet | v82365.com | www.88065c.com | www.pjgansu.com | 033e.net | www.0600x.cc | feicai0830.com | www.599494.com | www.xihu77.com | hg0266.com | www.77801t.com | www.hg358.com | 61326699.com | www.js89z.vip | sbobet.com | www.fyyy1.com | www.1230404.com | 56988ll.com | www.33598l.com | www.998msc.com | 2418006.com | www.80188j.com | 8030d.com | www.cp718.vip | www.055838.com | 88335156.com | www.qlc3.com | www.5882323.com | 713jc.com | www.cai002.vip | www.kbcp1.com | 33885003.com | www.808712.com | www.5049c.com | br881.com | www.083019.com | www.v80288.com | vv9798.com | 8822vn77.com | www.54400n.com | www.87680t.com | 55331p.com | www.81520b.com | www.hg9665.com | 4590pp.com | www.531982.com | www.8888xp.com | q2018q.com | ww555hg.com | www.226467.com | www.888423.net | 7240c.com | www.348477.com | www.30350i.com | www.xjs8892.com | 7779r.cc | www.670137.com | www.hgw6668.com | zhcp76.com | hr1800.com | www.33588d.com | www.38238y.com | bcw1234.com | wb8.com | www.99552pp.com | www.87680f.com | 69445511.com | 8294k.com | www.ampj3432.com | www.d4042.com | 6220m.com | 33331.cm | www.265990.com | www.48330t.com | www.095985.com | 4443955.com | 8003xl.com | www.022ln.cc | www.8080999e.com | www.58505.com | rrr40033.com | 7726rrr.com | www.dao70.com | www.cn365m.com | www.055468.com | 40033ff.com | 3844qq.com | www.8816f.com | www.4446ddd.com | www.00829i.com | 63389.com | 6199900.com | www.55yfa.com | www.73990p.com | www.85413.com | feicai0593.com | 570580.com | www.809217.com | www.093728.com | www.291tyc.com | 908080b.com | pj88rrcom | www.219055.com | www.66332m.com | www.biying940vip.com | www.am5599.com | 3176655.com | 4018v.com | 1106766.com | www.817336.com | www.amdwc.net | www.138136.com | www.5364d.com | 87665h.com | 2836514.com | 4675099.com | www.546599.com | www.51331m.com | www.w063801.com | www.0096ii.com | 9649m.com | 4270bb.com | 500000998.com | www.317299.com | www.6653d.com | www.1754g.com | www.ylg538.com | www.323567.com | 139973.com | qq365n.com | 793929.com | 3550f.com | www.069963.com | www.881803.com | www.81520q.com | www.blr5544.com | www.4078q.com | www.bmw0004.com | www.05125d.com | 8030j.com | 7042004.com | 新2.com | 15a46.net | rtdqg.cn | 7141dd.com | www.83033v.com | www.66ffg.com | www.81520p.com | www.jsc2019.com | www.06820o.com | www.55545e.com | www.460707.com | www.79667.com | www.js38123.com | js14z.com | by9900.com | 3379f.com | 17998.cc | bbc51133.com | 35252k.com | 68228o.com | hg88000.com | 3890s.com | 3958.com | 08159i.com | pj88vv.com | 30175555.com | 9068c.com | l99474.com | 7720m.net | 3003822.com | 0234nn.com | hga55025.com | hbs480.com | 9737008.com | 5622u.com | y4389.com | 4239.com | 7742l.com | qjdy002.com | 4647o.com | 3078q.com | c51iggd.com | i7454.com | 022570.com | 30006n.com | 20041.com | 77335156.com | www.939393.com | www.tyc636.com | www.777423.net | www.67297.com | www.7172211.com | www.61456.com | www.6a333.com | www.28000x.com | www.8.ag | www.ykylc06.com | www.89894x.com | www.3478z.cc | www.576679.com | www.030310.com | 5804i.com | c83.net | 206404.com | qqq01234.com | 0747p.com | www.033033s.com | www.7830n.com | www.xin8884.com | www.303033.com | www.781516.com | www.68993258.com | www.ac3177.com | www.303471.com | 1483u.com | 67890y.com | 32212c.com | 50026622.com | www.pj6767.com | www.1343.com | www.rrqp000.com | www.yh7773.com | www.83033y.com | www.897967.com | 66300vip10.com | 20776644.com | hjdc2018.com | www.hg755.com | www.5862.com | www.1559501.com | www.sb4010.com | www.652361.com | 4195u.com | b40033.com | 3434ppp.com | www.fbs44.com | www.4078j.com | www.ya2019t.com | www.770981.com | 3016rrr.com | jj4255.com | 77368888.com | www.444412.com | www.792083.com | www.50064p.com | www.106267.com | le888d.com | 3156rrr.com | www.h0040.com | www.55070x.com | www.55228f.com | www.109716.com | cc7570c.com | 99151f.com | www.779333.com | www.8899kcd.com | www.917963.com | 11yy8331.com | www67890.com | www.3336358.com | www.4996jx.com | www.12455o.com | www.021067.com | 495a.cc | www.hg08567.com | www.341616.com | www.hn58qp.com | www.509265.com | 9438k.com | 1408w.com | www.608499.com | www.vn888678.cc | www.186972.com | 56787zz.com | www.a78bet.com | www.js6829.com | www.sjgc5.com | 84494400.com | 8185v.com | www.cc2777.com | www.3478z.cc | x88833.com | www.68666z.com | www.x99pj.com | www.flcb2.com | 2544b8.com | 78117799.com | www.5981v.com | www.912273.com | 4880e.com | www.h5505.com | www.50999o.com | www.ovfd2.com | 4995x.com | www.6491z.com | www.88325c.com | www.364343.com | 39199o.com | www.133774.com | www.89894h.com | 1294w.cc | www.m1.10500ww.org | www.9570112.com | www.496689.com | 3405ppp.com | www.665335.com | www.54400b.com | 3678vv.com | www.1018555.com | www.180092.com | talshop.cn | 2535app.com | www.00773u.com | www.371956.com | 3386.com | www.365.pw | www.hy9311.com | 9679r.com | www.22885004.com | www.50080y.com | 1489n.com | www.453022.com | www.54400n.com | 9101908.com | www.hg1996.cc | www.56588.com | 8977nn.com | www.21365uu.com | www.986440.com | 3522xx.cc | www.hnjxjd.cn | www.2934k.com | 452.com | www.3171110.com | www.744949.com | hg56555.com | www.9737vv.me | www.68689o.com | P35tt.com | www.3775u.com | hd11939.com | www.0909v.com | www.88266w.com | 918tx.com | www.003113.com | www.544087.com | 35252h.com | www.0612h.com | 667766q.com | www.57799vv.com | www.ya055.com | qq365i.com | www.58404b.com | ttt67890.com | www.993639.com | www.874966.com | 2844m.com | www.99094b.com | 9649f.com | www.jjjj009.com | www.038059.com | www.hmgj07.com | www.l63568.com | 87680l.com | www.42842809.com | www.32123v.com | www.ys0022.com | www.5091o.com | 2836517.com | www.52062w.com | 3778.com | www.cp0017.com | pic.caibw1.com | www.js36644.com | www.694679.com | 2757k.com | www.bet3651689.com | 18040.com | www.9737nn.me | 5099ll.com | www.699a.cc | www.250680.com | www.8473d.com | www.lqc9.com | 5446hh.com | www.33112j.com | 777818b.com | www.35898j.com | 67888w.cc | www.2566y5.com | 239429.com | www.38138x.com | 1389hh.com | www.350677.com | v77033.com | www.85857r.com | 1679dd.com | www.cfcp234.com | 5804b.com | www.hd779.com | 6a6a.com | www.a9151e.com | 1691991.com | www.950163.com | blr6033.com | www.7779856.com | 33382c.com | www.8967x.com | x67890.com | www.9971331.com | cpyz6666.com | www.js38678.com | 4261.com | www.2228229.com | 50099i.com | www.54400s.com | e3144.com | www.cp8013.cc | www.xhtd4455.com | www.379969.com | www.142336.com | 58802q.com | www.46678.com | kk38648.cc | www.0169a.com | 99909r.com | www.m63568.com | 2127pp.com | www.3478a.cc | www.28758j.com | www.308069.com | www.1484vip3.com | 59859.com | www.mgm868002.com | 3568z.com | www.0073.com | hg999333a.com | www.551409.com | www.7893w01.com | www.hcw778.com | www.164333.com | lego.vip | www.30350o.com | 22117j.com | www.055v.cc | www.30309193.com | 3222.com | www.cn365k.com | 39199p.com | www.08588x.com | www.zs1199.com | www.976500.com | www.222584.com | 78115588.com | www.9955msc.com | 22ll145.com | www.hg88.vip | 33115u.com | www.564696.com | www.yh391.com | 23233y.com | www.sss2848.com | blhvip77.com | www.541811.com | www.lqz.hk | m08199.com | www.7793q.com | www.032007.com | 5369e.com | www.7240e.com | 23233b.com | 1592n.com | www.781617.com | zhcpqq.com | www.364141.com | www.fh7.com | 998v.cc | www.640477.com | www.184kj.com | 3568o.com | www.flcb6.com | www.1118kj.cc | 9646o.com | www.ascp7.com | www.55545j.com | 3550j.com | www.584211.com | www.7779799.com | c4647.com | www.370583.com | www.jz298.com | 3522zz.com | www.029079.com | www.06820c.com | 2805t.com | 39990033.com | www.b35xx.com | 2934p.com | 5544vn77.com | www.72211.com | www.7830e.com | 4165f.com | www.2373t.com | www.wnsr0055.com | bzl995.com | www.191065.com | www.t063801.com | 11018e.com | 6220uu.com | www.0270i.com | www.4848p.com | 9068ss.com | www.688824.com | www.bet91487.com | pj677k.com | 6033c.com | www.26878f.com | www.2221188.com | 3685l.com | xl18.org | www.85155.com | www.pj4858.com | 3846j.com | www.855312.com | www.4727.com | www.yh1088.com | 4052n.com | www.qucp2.com | www.ww55826.com | 27878kk.com | 00229193.com | www.895030.com | www.4996sy.com | www.8124s.com | 6261aa.com | www.550417.com | www.3w555.com | www.tyc923.com | 4289d.com | www.35155a.com | www.amjsylc.bet | www.91221.com | feicai0437.com | 3559ww.com | www.595hc.com | www.9737qq.me | www.119941.com | 3957u.com | 7196m.com | www.50054g.com | www.79500r.com | www.86611l.com | newsxweew12.com | www.281380.com | www.4833044.com | www.pj2348.com | 320007.com | qjdy001.com | www.177888.com | www.910021.com | www.20199jj.com | www.ao799.com | 53166r.com | 30174455.com | www.878.me | www.2000d.cc | www.1596c.com | zhcp53.com | bet99499.com | qpby2266.com | www.3890z.com | www.10999x.com | www.0860d.com | p9602.com | 80850ss.com | www.60123v.com | www.21202b.com | www.sha4111.com | www.9949c.com | 3049j.com | ahga017.com | bet28h.com | www.971291.com | www.v0066.tv | www.qmc0022.com | www.362878.com | 68963555.com | 3131e.cc | 3508666.com | www.558363.com | www.80075l.com | www.4196o.com | www.203477.com | www.1cw9.com | 617055.com | qg303.com | r1429.com | www.377474.com | www.35231.com | www.7920k.com | www.85857h.com | www.20150000.com | 33313s.com | 91019f.com | qjdy001.com | 0860l.com | www.097067.com | www.hx1184.com | www.33018.com | www.8080999c.com | www.pj89.com | www.xb0021.com | www.7435n.com | 0080l.com | mmm67890.com | 44077.com | 4066r.com | 62222r.com | www.349177.com | www.c5637.com | www.77802f.com | www.08xpj58.com | www.848777n.com | www.770405.com | www.44477222.com | www.benz4242.com | 55984t.com | y854.cc | 9158bo.com | 5350com.com | 9986.com | 28758z.com | 8294c.com | www.209875.com | www.744559.com | www.wct3.com | www.6539w.com | www.bet73v.com | www.78919c.com | www.60886z.com | www.6880zz.com | www.gt111999.com | www.20199kk.com | www.3589333.com | www.hga8383.com | www.cp5000e.com | www.206365.com | www.8124t.com | www.hg8125.com | zz38648.cc | 97297k.com | 2709b.com | 6830q.com | 9949v.com | k35151.com | 2306q.com | 64111u.com | 9149z.com | 56988w.vip | 04343.com | 76543p.com | 3202w.com | 3121mm.com | 2019tt.cc | 80878b.com | www.js7288.com | www.byd001.com | www.76060e.com | www.hgbet33.com | www.3459d.com | www.msc99.la | www.hg0318.com | www.lhj2288.com | www.302848.com | www.0709.com | www.2y929.com | www.8967w.com | www.88mgm777.com | www.a83377.com | www.3846h.com | www.hr1777.com | www.yh68073.com | www.0601v.com | www.50788j.com | www.918io.com | www.943977.com | www.550207.com | www.120057.com | 2229649.com | yy5144.com | 22117g.com | hg10w.com | 08159w.com | dzj.am | www.i32126.cc | www.hg6607.com | www.102666.com | www.71071m.com | www.60886c.com | www.2418q.com | www.9478m.com | www.895594.com | www.103635.com | da472.com | 38738711.com | hg00000.com | 500000595.com | www.kim218.com | www.yh9993.cc | www.998855t.com | www.38345t.com | www.hgbet2.com | www.86267g.com | www.943977.com | www.33588i.com | 5443ss.com | 9659o.com | 6868bb.cc | www.yh04567.com | www.js347.com | www.55060a.com | www.2418t.com | www.138136a.com | www.36166v.com | 234902.com | 71626.com | 1591ddd.com | www.xb0024.com | www.4694t.com | www.166490.com | www.3933s.cc | www.028082.com | 4323m.com | gg7742.com | www.jsth518.com | www.988306b.com | www.a.1308pj.com | www.61233d.com | www.391438.com | 33313h.com | 67890ll.com | www.jh820.com | www.zzz888.com | www.6687b.com | www.5441n.com | www.178379.com | 40014499.com | 3522zz.com | www.xpj130.com | www.0012737.com | www.68568t.com | www.288472.com | 4441779.com | 264811.com | www.1340o.com | www.788495.com | www.5086k.com | 11989c.com | 8015h.com | www.aobo22.com | www.w75.com | www.ihg5522.com | www.547638.com | 55881277.com | 111122mm.com | www.121tk.com | www.7249s.com | www.588767.com | 13377.com | 5756988.com | www.ys0033.com | www.1466k.com | www.407873.com | se679.com | 22883p.com | www.hjcp7.com | www.96386z.com | P35i.com | 3614.com | www.9679f.com | www.88325v.com | www.853053.com | 5478t.com | 5446bb.com | www.267185.com | www.08588n.com | 2767t.com | 411yh.com | www.8422a.com | www.sx1811.com | xpj66888.com | 1h-5.cc | www.492013.com | www.77424.com | www.88266o.com | 5856jj.com | www.yabet365.com | www.456137.net | www.50052i.com | 79889p.com | www.899238.com | www.js8888.bet | 6118a.com | 951202.com | www.2302327.com | www.9356h.com | 37570z.com | lts2883.com | www.4828228.com | www.729937.com | 0343o.com | www.530405.com | www.5657599.com | 717jc.com | 0747ww.com | www.A11100.COM | www.949404.com | 9646a.com | www.2598567.com | www.55238e.com | 99306p.com | 2381fff.com | www.4058ww.com | www.451117.com | 66093366.com | www.zs5544.com | www.070wy.com | 67877w.com | www.111021.com | www.7714d.com | 27878jj.com | www.pjhubei.com | www.9822az.com | 77995004.com | js29301.com | www.60886i.com | 15856o.com | 3007.com | www.79095h.com | pjbeijing.com | ab2ab.com | www.1559503.com | ssl.ujiule.com | 9149p.com | www.xyh6002.com | 69443300.com | 6146o.com | www.s63568.com | 3467a.com | www.2090988.com | www.6482x.com | 8381b.com | www.05125f.com | www.84040.com | 53206622.com | www.20989.com | www.803243.com | hga025.com | www.5207666.com | 760hh.cc | www.nnn801.com | www.4331o.com | 20772233.com | www.pk989.net | www.fh52.com | 908080y.com | www.16181f.com | 8827xx.com | www.amwnsrylc.com | www.703wb.com | js01.app | www.59505e.com |