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  • 学习力世界第一!没有考试——芬兰独特的教育方式

    学习力世界第一!没有考试——芬兰独特的教育方式


    来源:家长学院  文章作者:佚名

      芬兰是个怎样的国家呢?

    ■面积:33.8万平方公里

    (中国960万平方公里)

    ■人口:约520万人

    ■首都:赫尔辛基

    ■官方语言:芬兰语、瑞典语

    ■知名产业:「诺基亚」

    ■其他:能看到白夜以及极光而闻名,国内拥有成千上万个湖泊。

      学习力常年处在世界领先水平

      据PISA(国际学生评估项目)针对世界15岁儿童学习力的评测,芬兰一直名列前茅。

      在2004年的调查中,【数学解析力】位列第2位、【阅读理解力】同【领悟科学力】位列第1位、【解决问题能力】位列第3位,综合排名第1位。

      芬兰在科学、解决问题能力、数学、阅读理解能力四个板块都处在领先位置。

      芬兰令人拍案叫绝的教育机制

      7岁~16岁长达9年时间的义务教育。

      从孩子出生之日起,国家会出资给全部母亲配发baby服、被褥、奶瓶、以及绘本套装。直到孩子们满17岁,都会得到每月一千元左右的补助基金(请允许小编擦拭一下眼角的泪痕......)

      不只是学费全免,还会无偿给孩子们提供上学交通工具、餐点、教科书以及学习用品。

      应学生的要求,校医、学;な、学校社会福利工作者、学校心理师、学生生活顾问等各种服务,学校都会毫不吝啬的给到学生。芬兰的理念就是“只要是对学生必要的就应该无偿的得到服务。

      【将教育彻底交托于现场教学】【比起已经具有相当认知能力的学生,将更多的关注以及精力放在仍抱有疑问的学生身上】【让孩子了解学习的本意而不是教给他们什么是竞争】

      教学时间是OECD(经济合作与发展组织)众联盟国中最少的一个。

      彻底贯彻结果平等的教育方针,将所有孩子真正理解为基本,对有问题的孩子,会立即制定实施特别支援教育服务。

      尤其重视孩子低龄时期遇到的学习问题,及早发现解决。因此,也有效地抑制了学习困难孩子的出现。

      不局限于格局,任何地方都可以作为学习的场所。在同年级内会根据学习能力给予个别指导。由此带来的结果是全国上下学习力的差距微乎其微,同时也造就了国际中学习力最强的事实。

      【全国性的学业考试】自不用说,连具有地域性级别的考试都不存在。

      每个班级是由24人以下的少数人组成,实际上没有达到20人的班级占大多数。

      在芬兰这个国家,进入大学者有4分之1是成人(25岁以上),在高校选择上有半数的学生选择了职业高校。

      从领先的学习力看芬兰

      “有高回报就要有高担当”,将孕育这样的公民精神作为教育的核心。更是将【教育就是国家的贵重资产】这种理念看做重中之重。

      教师社会地位的高度以及从各界得到的极大信赖,造就了教师这个职业的从业者尽是优中选优,因此教师之间的默契度也是无可挑剔。

      教师的工作时间非常少。几乎时间都是花费在授课中。不会像其他国家那样做一些不必要的部门活动,因此也为授课准备预留了大把的时间。

      长时间的家庭式读书也是芬兰的特别之处,在读书量以及读书的重视度上芬兰也是居于世界首位。

      成人的读书习惯在世界上也名列前茅。芬兰的读书馆体质非常完善。据统计,国民每年平均1人能借阅21本书。在芬兰读书馆及其相同分支的数量比起便利店还有过之而无不及。


    ·上一篇文章:国外高考语言考试的阅读理解都怎么出题
    ·下一篇文章:哈佛校长:你不一定要进哈佛,但你一定要看清哈佛的逻辑!


    转载请注明转载网址:
    http://www.cnejia.com/news/world/17613171014310.htm




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